The two countries have no significant bilateral trade relations; yet, a number of Chadian traders export some Egyptian products owing to the far distance and absence of direct communication lines. Ninety percent of Chadian merchants import through the port of Douala in Cameroon, to be later transported by land to N'Djamena (about 1200 kilometers), which increases the freight rates and thus be added to the cost of goods, along with 10% of air cargo which increases the air cargo as well.
The Fourth Egyptian-Chadian Joint Committee
The Egyptian Foreign Minister and his Chadian counterpart chaired on 19/4/2010 the closing session of the Fourth Egyptian-Chadian Joint Committee. The two ministers signed four agreements, which were prepared by the Egyptian and Chadian experts’ delegations during the preparatory meetings of the Joint Committee; the agreements are as follows:
• Memorandum of Understanding between the Egyptian Agricultural Research Center and Chadian Institute for Agricultural Research and Development to benefit from the Egyptian expertise in order to increase the capabilities of the Chadian researchers and technicians in the agricultural field.
• Economic and Technical Cooperation Agreement between the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Government of the Republic of Chad.
• Technical Cooperation Agreement between the Egyptian Fund for Technical Cooperation with Africa and the Government of the Republic of Chad.
• Executive Program for Cultural and Technical Cooperation between the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Government of the Republic of Chad.
• Both sides signed the meeting minutes of the Joint Committee meetings, which included means of supporting cooperation between both countries in several other fields:
• Information: The possibility of founding cooperation between the Egyptian Television and Radio Union and the Chadian National Authority of Radio and Television.
• Civil aviation: the Chadian side handed the Egyptian side a draft cooperation agreement on air services between the two countries.
• Sports: both sides agreed on encouraging the Egyptian National Sports Council and the Chadian Ministry in charge of sports to establish cooperation relations; the Chadian side suggested a draft memorandum of understanding on establishing cooperation between both countries in the field of sports medicine.
• Trade: the Chadian side handed the Egyptian side a draft memorandum of understanding on both countries' participation in international fairs and exhibitions.
• Petroleum: the two sides agreed on organizing a visit for Egyptian experts to assess the training needs of their Chadian peers to increase the capabilities of the human resources working in the petroleum sector.
• Tourism: both sides decided to accelerate the study of the draft cooperation agreement in the field of tourism, which was handed by the Chadian side to the Egyptian side.
• Military Cooperation Protocol: signed in 1984 yet it has not been renewed or amended since then.
• Draft Agreement on Investment Encouragement and Protection: This agreement was signed in N'djamena on 12/03/1998 during H.E. Chadian former Foreign Minister's visit. Egypt accomplished the ratification procedures on its part in 20/04/1999 but this agreement did not enter into force, as the Chadian side did not go through ratification procedures.
• Agreement on Cultural and Technical Cooperation, entered into force on 30th January, 1972.
• Long-term Trade Agreement, entered into force on 30th June, 1973.
• Agreement on Scientific and Technical Cooperation in Agricultural fields entered into force on 26th September, 1973.
• Agreement on Cooperation, Friendship and Mutual Aid, entered into force on 26th September, 1973.
• Protocol on Trade, entered into force on 14th October, 1984.
• Establishment of the Joint Committee on 22nd February, 1973