08 February 2023 10:15 PM

Valley of the Kings

Wednesday، 13 July 2022 - 12:50 PM

There are more than 60 tombs in it, and there are two valleys for the kings, eastern and western one .

 

The eastern valley contains most of the tombs. It is the most visited by tourists who come to the area.

The Western Valley contains two royal tombs, one belonging to "Amenhotep III" and the other belonging to "A".

 

King "Tutankhamun" tomb in the Valley of the Kings on the western bank of Luxor

 

It is considered one of the most famous and richest cemetery in the world that has overwhelmed the world. As, it contains many precious and wonderful monuments like the funerary furniture (more than 5,000 pieces) was found. The tomb was also excavated in the depression of the valley of "Ramses VI", who has built his tomb next to the tomb of "Tutankhamun." This was one of the factors that helped Tutankhamen’s tomb to be kept intact, away from the eyes of thieves.

 

 

 

It was discovered in 1922. It is the greatest and richest cemetery in the world now, and its treasures and art are the best witness to that.At the entrance of the second door of the tomb there is a spacious room in which furniture is stacked over some.

 

 

Most of it was painted with bright gold, and among them were beautiful boxes inlaid with ivory and ebony, others with a view of hunting and war, some chairs, beds, royal chariots, marble vessels, and statues of various shapes and colors. It has been transmitted in the (Egyptian Museum in Cairo). At the end of that room there are two painted wooden statues as if guarding the contents of the second room.

 

 

The second room is the burial room, in which four chapels were found, covered with gold plates. It surrounded the sarcophagus, which is still in place until now. Inside this sarcophagus there were three human-shaped coffins, the smallest of which was made of pure gold, weighing about 110 kilograms. It is currently in the Egyptian Museum.

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The mummy of the king is still preserved in its place with one of the wooden coffins covered with gold foil. There are beautiful drawings on the walls of the room, including a drawing of "Tutankhamun" and appears behind him on the throne "Ai", who became king after "Tutankhamun", wearing priests' clothes and performing the religious rituals of the opening of the mouth of the king's mummy.

 

 

There is a picture of "Tutankhamun" standing in the middle of the wall in the hands of "Nut" (the goddess of heaven), who creates health and life. As for the right wall, there is a view of the cabin that contained the body of King "Tutankhamun" carried on a sled pulled by nobles and courtiers, and on the left wall there are some texts related to a book in the "underworld", and there are a number of sacred monkeys, with scarabs in the middle.

A small side  room that connects to the burial room, and there is a similar room connected to the outer hall. They had some funeral furniture.

 

 

King Seti I  tomb in the Valley of the Kings on the western bank of Luxor.

 

It is engraved in the rock, and its depth is about 30 meters, and its inscriptions are on a large side of beauty. These inscriptions are scattered in some parts with large prominent drawings representing the king as he worships before the gods who receive him and welcome him.

 

This tomb is one of the most important tombs, because it contains the largest number of funerary books and decorations.

 

Among the most prominent features of it is the roof that appears to cover the throne and shows what the god "Ra" had of a distinguished relationship. After a few hundred meters, the chamber ends in a hall with beautiful pillars, in which all the inscriptions have preserved their bright colors.

 

In the middle of this hall, a low place was ready for placing the king's sarcophagus, which was transferred to a museum in London.

 This part of the hall is covered by a dome, which looks like the sky. It is dark blue. It is also dark as the night, and the sun towers are known in the form of animals that symbolize those towers. There is an attached hall around which are made of stone benches. Its purpose was to store furniture. Its walls are covered with beautiful carvings representing the sun on its journey to the other world.

 

 

 

 

Its roof appears similar to the sky in its blue color, and the scattering of bright stars in it. The walls are covered with elaborate pictures painted in color on a yellow background. It even seems to the viewer that they are scrolls of papyrus adorned with pictures and hung on the walls. Most of these inscriptions are scenes and texts from the book "What is in the Underworld".

 

This hall are connected with several side rooms that were prepared for placing funeral furniture and later used as a cache to store the mummies of some of the pharaohs, which were transferred to this cemetery during the twenty-first dynasty under the supervision of the high priest "Bi Najm".

 

 

There are also two rooms whose walls are engraved with religious inscriptions, some of which are still colored.

 

 As for the right of the hall, there is another side room in which the story of the destruction of mankind is engraved on the walls.

 

 

 

King Amenhotep II tomb , the seventh king of the Eighteenth Dynasty, in the Valley of the Kings.

 

 

It consists of a steep corridor that ends with a false well to deceive thieves and to protect the cemetery from heavy rain.

 

After this well,  there is a room  located on the right side.

There is also another hall free of inscriptions facing the entrance.

 

On the left side of it there is a corridor leading to the burial hall containing the sarcophagus. Its roof has been raised on six columns and its sides were decorated with the image of the king in the hands of the gods of the dead: "Osiris", "Hathor" and "Anubis".



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