President El-Sisi participates in the "Jeddah Summit for Security and Development"
Saturday، 16 July 2022 - 02:12 PM
President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi arrived on Saturday morning 16/7/2022 in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) to participate in Jeddah summit, which will bring together leaders of Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries and the US.
Upon his arrival at Jeddah airport, he was received by Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman.
President Sisi's participation in the Jeddah gathering is part of Egypt's keenness on developing the participation between Arab countries and the US in order to achieve aspirations and interests of current and coming generations of peoples of the region.
The Egyptian leader's participation in the summit aims to boost joint efforts to face regional and global challenges and promote consultation and coordination aimed at maintaining security and stability regionally and internationally, in addition to enhancing and developing distinguished and historical relations with all countries taking part in the gathering, added Radi.
President Sisi will hold a number of bilateral meetings with the leaders participating in the Jeddah summit to discuss ways of fostering bilateral relations and the latest developments regionally and internationally.
The inaugural session
The inaugural session began with the recitation of verses from the Holy Quran
Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman delivered a speech at the inaugural session of the Jeddah Summit for Security and Development. His Highness welcomed the participants and conveyed greetings of Saudi King Salman bin Abdulaziz al Saud.
Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman also voiced hope that this summit would pave the way for a new era of joint cooperation to enhance strategic partnership between the Arab countries and the US.
His Highness affirmed that the world is facing daunting challenges which require intensifying joint cooperation within the framework of the United Nations Charter principles that are based on mutual respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity and non-interference in each other's internal affairs.
He also called on Iran to cooperate and not intervene in the affairs of regional countries.
Meanwhile, Biden said the US will never allow Iran to acquire a nuclear weapon.
Biden also said the US would remain an active, engaged partner in the Middle East and urged leaders gathered at the Arab summit to see human rights as a powerful force of economic and social change.
Biden added that “The US is invested in building a positive future of the region, in partnership with all of you - and the United States is not going anywhere.”
The US President asserted that he is seeking to start a new chapter in US involvement in the Middle East, hoping to move past US military conflicts and instead push for a region that respects individual nations’ domestic affairs but seeks economic integration and shared defenses amid concerns over Iran.
Biden also said the US will not leave a space in the region in favor of Russia, China and Iran, adding that the US interests are linked to successes in the Middle East and affirmed the US will work to establish sustainable economic ties in the region.
Other leaders participating in the summit voiced their thoughts in speeches. Jordan’s King Abdullah II said there will not be stability in the region without a solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict while Kuwait’s Crown Prince Sheikh Meshal al-Ahmad al-Sabah called on Iran to cooperate with the International Atomic Energy Agency for the sake of a safe region.
Meanwhile, Iraq’s Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi called for a comprehensive strategy to combat terrorism and dry out its financing resources.
For his part, Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi delivered a speech, in which he affirmed that the Jeddah Summit for Security and Development is being held during a decisive moment for the world in general and the Arab region in particular.
President Sisi said that the multi-dimensional global and regional crises have cast their shadow on humanity, including the Arab region, adding that it is high time to rally efforts to put an end to all conflicts and protracted civil wars.
He, meanwhile, affirmed that moving toward the future mainly depends on how to deal with the past crises, pointing out that joint efforts failed to settle regional crises without reaching a just and comprehensive settlement of the Palestinian cause.
President Sisi highlighted that the escalating global and regional crises, including Covid-19, climate change, food security and increase of regional and international armed conflicts, have cast their shadow on the entire world, including the Arab region.
President Sisi drew attention to the political, development and security challenges which are facing the Arab region, including the spread of terrorism, pointing out that the Arab nations are wondering about the tools taken by their leaders to confront these challenges.
In this context, he asserted that it is necessary to find tangible solutions to confront these challenges, adding that Egypt is exerting efforts in this respect.
President Sisi made it sound clear that it is no longer acceptable that the sons of the Arab nation - with its glorious history, rich civilization, and enormous human resources and capabilities - would include a refugee or displaced person, or affected by the scourge of wars and disasters, or one who has lost hope for a better tomorrow.
He added that it is high time to rally joint efforts to put an end to all conflicts and protracted civil wars, which have depleted the wealth of the region and paved the way of some powers to interfere in their internal affairs.
President Sisi boasted that Egypt has been a pioneer in regional efforts to spread peace, noting that Egypt's aim was always peace, which is the ultimate goal and supreme target.
President Sisi introduced a five-axis approach on priority issues to achieve further regional stability in the near future in a speech at the Jeddah Security and Development Summit.
The first axis affirms the importance of reaching a “fair, comprehensive and ultimate” solution to the Palestinian issue on the basis of the two-state solution based on the relevant international resolutions.
The president added “Our joint efforts to resolve the region's crises, whether those that occurred during the past decade or those extending since before that, can only be a success by reaching a just, comprehensive and ultimate settlement of the top Arab issue.”
El-Sisi called for ensuring the establishment of an independent Palestinian state on the 4 June 1967 borders with East Jerusalem as its capital in a way that guarantees the legitimate rights of the Palestinian people to live in peace side by side with the Israeli state.
El-Sisi said affirmed that this should ensure security for both Palestinian and Israeli peoples and provide a new reality for the peoples of the region, which could be accepted.
The president added that this new reality would put an end to “exclusionary policies” and enhance the values of coexistence and peace.
President Sisi went on to affirm that there is no solution to the Palestinian problem without the establishment of an independent Palestinian state on the borders of June 4, 1967 with East Jerusalem as its capital, saying: "We have to intensify our joint efforts not only to revive the peace process, but to reach, this time, to a final solution that will be the driving force on which peace efforts in the region are based,” he went on to say.
The second axis affirms building societies that are based on democracy, citizenship, equality, respect of human rights, renouncing sectarian and extremist ideologies and upholding the concept of national interests are the guarantee to sustained stability in its comprehensive sense.
He further said that this requires enhancing the national role of the state and supporting the pillars of its constitutional institutions in order to be capable to perform their duties in laying the foundations of good governance, achieving security and law enforcement and providing a climate conducive to fundamental freedoms and rights in addition to empowering youth and women.
President Sisi also underlined the importance of supporting the NGO's role, which is considered a main partner in the development process.
He further pointed out to the crucial role played by religious institutions and leaders to promote tolerance.
He added that it is important to enhance the process of political, economic and social reform, promote investment and secure job opportunities in a bid to attain sustainable development.
The third axis is related to the Arab national security. President Sisi highlighted that the capabilities of the Arab countries combined with their partners are sufficient to counter any danger that may face the Arab region.
In this regard, President Sisi stressed that the respect of states' sovereignty, non-interference in their internal affairs, fraternity and equality are all the principles which govern inter-Arab relations, adding that these principles represent the spririt of the United Nations Charter.
President Sisi further underlined the need of taking practical steps toward the establishment of a Middle East zone free of all weapons of mass destruction, underling the need of promoting the role of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in this respect.
As for the fourth axis, President Sisi said that terrorism still represents a major challenge to the Arab countries, and thus Egypt renews its commitment to combating terrorism and extremist ideology in all its forms and manifestations, with the aim of eliminating all its organizations and armed militias deployed in several parts of the Arab world, which are sponsored by some external forces to serve their destructive agenda.
These armed groups use weapons to achieve political and material gains, impede the implementation of national settlements and reconciliations, and prevent the implementation of the will of peoples in some countries, and even developed their capabilities to carry out cross-border operations.
President El-Sisi further stressed that there is no place for the concept of militias, mercenaries, and armed gangs in the region, and that their supporters, who provided them with shelter, money, weapons and training, and allowed the transfer of terrorist elements from one location to another, stressing: "We will protect our security, interests and rights by all means."
The fifth and final axis is related to the need to strengthen international cooperation and solidarity to boost capabilities of regional countries to address major and emerging global crises, such as issues of food shortages, turmoil in energy markets, water security, and climate change, with the aim of containing the consequences of these crises, recovering from their effects, and increasing investments in developing the infrastructure in various fields, which contributes to the localization of various industries and the transfer of technology and knowledge.
Concerning water security, President Sisi stressed the importance of renewing commitment to the rules of the international law relating to international rivers to allow all peoples to benefit from these natural resources in a fair manner, and the need to preserve the water security requirements of the countries of the region.
Talking about climate change, President Sisi said that Arab and African countries are among the world's most vulnerable regions when it comes to climate change. He also invited all the summit participants to attend the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP27), which will be held in Sharm El Sheikh in November.
Concluding his speech, President Sisi extended thanks to Saudi Arabia for the warm welcome and hospitality. He also delivered a message to the Arab countries and the US, during which he affirmed that Egypt will always be keen to preserve joint interests and walk side by side on the road leading to a prosperous future.
Bilateral meetings on the sidelines of Jeddah summit for Security and Development
Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi met with his US counterpart, Joe Biden, on the sidelines of the Jeddah Summit for Security and Development.
Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El Sisi affirmed his country's keenness on enhancing the distinguished partnership ties that links Cairo and Washington, adding that he role of this partnership is crucial in promoting peace and stability in the Middle East.
President Sisi noted that Egypt is also interested in bolstering strategic coordination and consultation with the US vis-a-vis various regional issues.
Meanwhile, the US president affirmed his country's keenness on activating frameworks of bilateral cooperation and enhancing coordination and strategic consultation with Egypt within the upcoming stage.
Biden pointed out to Egypt's pivotal role in the Middle East under the wise leadership of President Sisi which represents a key pillar for maintaining peace and security in the region.
The meeting took up Egypt-US cooperation in various spheres, including cooperation in ways to confront the repercussions of the global crisis associated with the food crisis and the power supply disruptions.
The meeting also tackled a host of regional files, said the spokesman, adding that President Sisi affirmed Egypt’s steadfast stand on the importance of strengthening the pillars and national institutions of countries in crises to end the suffering of their peoples.
The two sides further discussed the Palestinian cause and ways to revive the stalled-peace process.
President Sisi affirmed Egypt's firm position toward the Palestinian cause and the importance of reaching a just and comprehensive solution that guarantees the rights of the Palestinian and the establishment of their independent state in accordance with international references, added the spokesman.
President Sisi also said that Egypt is keen on cooperating with the US to discuss ways to revive the Palestinian-Israeli peace process.
For his part, the US president voiced appreciation for Egypt's efforts to entrench peace in the region as well as its key role in calming down the situation between the Palestinian and Israeli sides along with the Gaza reconstruction initiatives.
The two presidents also probed the latest developments in the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) file, where President Sisi stressed the vital need to reach a binding legal agreement on filling and operating the GERD in a manner that preserves Egypt's water security and achieves the three countries' interests, added the spokesman.
Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El Sisi met with Kuwaiti Crown Prince Sheikh Mishal Al Ahmad Al Jaber Al Sabah.
During the meeting, President Sisi asked the Kuwaiti crown prince to convey his greetings to Kuwaiti Emir Sheikh Nawaf al Ahmad al Sabah, said Presidential Spokesman Bassam Radi.
President Sisi highlighted the close relations binding the two brotherly countries, and Egypt’s keenness to develop the mutual distinguished cooperation at various levels in an effort to consolidate security, stability and development in the region.
President Sisi reiterated Saturday Egypt's keenness on holding close coordination with Kuwait toward the developments in the Middle East.
President Sisi added that the Egyptian-Kuwaiti cooperation is a mainstay for achieving regional stability and a major pillar of the priorities and constants of the Egyptian policy.
For his part, the Kuwaiti crown prince emphasized the depth and strength of the historical relations that unite the two countries, lauding the role of the Egyptian community in Kuwait in the construction and development process in the country as a bridge of interdependence between the two brotherly peoples.
His Highness, further, stressed Kuwait's keenness to enhance cooperation with Egypt at all levels, and to consult and coordinate with Egypt periodically on various issues, appreciating in this context the Egypt's pivotal role in the region as a fundamental pillar for the security and stability of the Arab world.
President Sisi met with Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa al Kadhimi.
During the meeting, President Sisi underlined the need of accelerating the implementation of the ongoing projects between Egypt and Iraq.
Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El Sisi highlighted the Egyptian policy's constants for supporting Iraq and enhancing its Arab national role.
President Sisi also affirmed Egypt's keenness to continue supporting the Iraqi people at all levels and helping them to overcome all the existing challenges, especially in their war against terrorism.
He further stressed Egypt's support to Iraq within the framework of their trilateral cooperation mechanism with Jordan or through establishing a strategic partnership between the two countries.
For his part, the Iraqi prime minister expressed his appreciation of Egypt's efforts to support Iraq in all domains, affirming that Iraq is looking forward to furthering cooperation with Egypt in the various spheres.
He, also, expressed Iraq’s keenness to benefit from the Egyptian experience in establishing developmental projects, especially in infrastructure and electricity.
The closing statement of the Jeddah Summit for Security and Development
1. At the invitation of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the leaders of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) member states, the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, the Arab Republic of Egypt, the Republic of Iraq, and the United States of America, a joint summit in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, was held on July 16, 2022, to underscore the historic partnership among their countries and to deepen their countries' joint cooperation in all fields.
2. The leaders welcomed President Biden reiterating the importance the United States places on its decades-long strategic partnerships in the Middle East, affirming the United States' enduring commitment to the security and territorial defense of U.S. partners, and recognizing the region's central role in connecting the Indo-Pacific to Europe, Africa, and the Americas.
3. The leaders affirmed their joint vision towards a peaceful and prosperous region, stressing the importance of taking all necessary measures to preserve the region's security and stability, developing joint areas of cooperation and integration, collectively confronting common threats, and abiding by the principles of good neighborliness, mutual respect, and respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity.
4. President Biden reaffirmed the U.S. commitment to achieve a just, lasting and comprehensive Middle East peace. The leaders emphasized the need to bring about a just resolution to the Israel-Palestinian conflict on the basis of two-state solution, noting the importance of the Arab Initiative. They stressed the need to stop all unilateral measures that undermine the two-state solution, to preserve the historical status quo in Jerusalem and its holy sites, emphasizing the crucial role of the Hashemite Custodianship in that regard. The leaders also stressed the importance of supporting the Palestinian economy and the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA). President Biden commended the important roles played by Jordan and Egypt, and the members of the GCC, and their support for the Palestinian people and institutions.
5. The leaders renewed their commitment to enhance regional cooperation and integration, and build joint projects between their countries to achieve sustainable development and collectively address the climate challenge through accelerating climate ambition, supporting innovation and partnerships, including the Circular Carbon Economy Framework, and developing renewable sources of energy. In this context, the leaders commended the finalization of the agreements to connect electrical grids between Iraq and Saudi Arabia, between the Gulf Cooperation Council and Iraq, and between Saudi Arabia and Jordan and Egypt, as well as connecting the electrical grids between Egypt, Jordan, and Iraq.
6. The leaders commended the Saudi Green Initiative and the Middle East Green Initiative announced by the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia. The leaders expressed their hope for positive contributions by all countries towards a successful COP 27 hosted by the Arab Republic of Egypt, COP28, which will be hosted by the United Arab Emirates, and the International Horticultural Expo 2023 to be hosted by the State of Qatar titled “Green Desert, Better Environment 2023-2024."
7. The leaders affirmed the importance of achieving energy security and stabilizing energy markets, while working on increasing investments in technologies and projects that aim to lower emissions and remove carbon, consistent with their national commitments. The leaders also noted the efforts by OPEC + that aim to stabilize oil markets in a manner that serves the interests of consumers and producers and supports economic growth, welcomed the decision by OPEC+ to increase production for the months of July and August, and commended Saudi Arabia for its leading role in achieving consensus among the members of OPEC+.
8. The leaders renewed their support to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, and the objective of preventing the proliferation of nuclear weapons in the region. The leaders also renewed their call on the Islamic Republic of Iran to fully cooperate with the International Atomic Energy Agency, and with countries in the region to keep the Arab Gulf region free from weapons of mass destruction, and to preserve security and stability regionally and globally.
9. The leaders renewed their condemnation in the strongest terms of terrorism in all its forms and affirmed their commitment to strengthening regional and international efforts aimed at confronting terrorism and violent extremism, preventing the financing, arming, and recruitment of terrorist groups by all individuals and entities, and to confronting all activities that threaten regional security and stability.
10. The leaders condemned, in the strongest terms, the terrorist acts impacting civilians, civilian infrastructure, and energy installations in Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and commercial ships navigating critical international trade routes, in the Strait of Hormuz and Bab al Mandab, and affirmed the need to adhere to relevant UN Security Council Resolutions, including UNSCR 2624.
11. The leaders expressed their full support for Iraq's sovereignty, security, and stability, its development and prosperity, and all of its efforts to combat terrorism. The leaders also welcomed Iraq's positive role in facilitating diplomacy and confidence-building among countries in the region.
12. The leaders welcomed the truce in Yemen, as well as the establishment of the Presidential Leadership Council (PLC) in Yemen, expressing their hope to achieve a political solution in line with the references of the GCC initiative, its implementation mechanism, the outcomes of the Yemeni comprehensive national dialogue, and UN Security Council resolutions, including UNSCR 2216. The leaders called on the Yemeni parties to seize this opportunity and engage immediately in direct negotiations under the auspices of the United Nations. The leaders also affirmed the importance of continuing to support the humanitarian needs of the Yemeni people, as well as provide economic and developmental support, while ensuring it reaches all areas of Yemen.
13. The leaders stressed the need to intensify efforts to reach a political solution to the Syrian crisis, in a manner that preserves Syria's unity and sovereignty, and meets the aspirations of its people, in accordance with UN Security Council Resolution 2254. The leaders stressed the importance of providing the necessary support to Syrian refugees and to the countries hosting them, and for humanitarian aid to reach all regions of Syria.
14. The leaders expressed their support for Lebanon's sovereignty, security, and stability, as well as all the reforms necessary to achieve its economic recovery. They noted recently-conducted parliamentary elections, enabled by the Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF) and Internal Security Forces (ISF). With a view to upcoming presidential elections, they called on all Lebanese parties to respect the constitution and carry out the process in a timely manner. The leaders praised the efforts made by friends and partners of Lebanon that have renewed and strengthened the confidence and cooperation between Lebanon and the Gulf Cooperation Council countries, and that have supported the LAF and ISF in their efforts to maintain security in the country. The leaders took particular note of Kuwait's initiatives aimed at building joint action between Lebanon and the GCC countries, and commended the State of Qatar's recent announcement of direct support for LAF salaries. The United States confirmed its intention to develop a similar program for the LAF and ISF. The leaders also welcomed the support of the Republic of Iraq to the people and government of Lebanon in the fields of energy and humanitarian relief. The leaders welcomed all friends of Lebanon to join this effort to ensure the safety and stability of Lebanon. The leaders emphasized the importance of the control of the government of Lebanon over all Lebanese territory, including with reference to fulfilling the provisions of the relevant UN Security Council resolutions and the Taif Accord, and for it to exercise full sovereignty, so there will be no weapons without the consent of the government of Lebanon or authority other than that of the government of Lebanon.
15. The leaders renewed their support for efforts to resolve the Libyan crisis in accordance with relevant Security Council resolutions, including Resolutions 2570 and 2571, the need to hold presidential and parliamentary elections, in tandem, as soon as possible, and the departure of all foreign forces and mercenaries without delay. They continue to support Libyan efforts to unify the country's military institutions under the auspices of the UN process. The leaders expressed their appreciation for the Arab Republic of Egypt's hosting of the Libyan constitutional dialogue in support of the UN-facilitated political process.
16. he leaders affirmed their support for efforts to achieve stability in Sudan, resume a successful transitional phase, encourage consensus between the Sudanese parties, maintain the cohesion of the state and its institutions, and support Sudan in facing economic challenges.
17. Regarding the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD), the leaders reiterated their support for Egypt's water security and to forging a diplomatic resolution that would achieve the interests of all parties and contribute to a more peaceful and prosperous region. The leaders reiterated the imperative of concluding an agreement on the filling and operation of the GERD within a reasonable timeframe as stipulated in the Statement of the President of the United Nations Security Council dated September 15, 2021, and consistent with international law.
18. With regard to the war in Ukraine, the leaders reaffirmed the importance of respecting the principles of international law, including the UN Charter, the sovereignty and territorial integrity of states, and the obligation to refrain from the use of force and the threats of using force. The leaders urged all countries and the international community to intensify their efforts aimed at achieving a peaceful solution, ending the humanitarian crisis, and supporting refugees, displaced persons and those affected by the war in Ukraine, as well as facilitating the export of grain and other food supplies, and supporting food security in affected countries.
19. With regard to Afghanistan, the leaders stressed the importance of continuing and intensifying efforts to support humanitarian access to Afghanistan, addressing the threat posed by Afghanistan-based terrorists, and striving for the ability of all Afghans to be able to enjoy their human rights and fundamental freedoms, including their right to education and enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health and, particularly for women, the right to work. The leaders expressed appreciation for Qatar's role in promoting security and stability for the Afghan people.
20. The leaders welcomed the preparations by the state of Qatar for hosting the 2022 World Cup, and reiterated their support for all efforts to ensure its success.21. The participating countries affirmed their commitment to convening again in the future.