06 February 2023 06:05 PM

Madagascar

Monday، 03 October 2022 - 01:20 PM

 Location:

 Madagascar is an island in the Indian Ocean off the eastern and southern coasts of Africa, east of Mozambique. It is the fourth largest island in the world.

Capital:

Antananarivo

Area :

587,041 km²

Currency:

Madagasc Ariary (MGA)

Language:

 Malagasy and French

Political Relations:

- On May 4, 2022, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Madagascar, Richard Randriamandrato, received Osama Said Khalil, Egypt's ambassador to Madagascar where they tackled the means of developing economic relations, enhancing cooperation between the private sector in the two countries, and increasing the Egyptian investments in Madagascar. They also reviewed the recent development of relations, especially  after the visit of the President of the Republic of Madagascar to Egypt last November and meeting with President Abd El-Fattah El-Sisi.

- On  May 24, 2022, the Secretary-General of the Presidency of the Republic, Esperance Pelandroy, received the Egyptian Ambassador who congratulated her on assuming the duties of her position. The Secretary-General thanked Egypt for its support to Madagascar in facing the wave of storms several months ago, and in confronting the Corona pandemic. For his part, the Egyptian ambassador reviewed Egypt's preparations to host the COP 27 Summit. In this vein, he explained that Egypt's presidency and hosting of the summit is an opportunity for Africa to speak with one voice about the danger of delaying the measures of combating global warming. This Summit also represents an opportunity for Africa and all developing countries to support their initiatives in the fields of water and agriculture. 

- On February 6, 2022, Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry met with his counterpart, Malagasy Minister of Foreign Affairs Patrick Rajoelina, on the sidelines of their participation in the 35th session of the African Union Summit in Addis Ababa. They discussed the means to strengthen bilateral relations and consider the issues of common interest.

- On November 23, 2021, Andry Rajoelina, President of Madagascar, visited Egypt to participate in the 21st  session of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern African Countries (COMESA) in Cairo. He was received by President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi and  discussed the most important files on the  agenda of the COMESA, especially with regard to strengthening the existing efforts to achieve economic and regional integration. In this vein, the President of Madagascar affirmed his confidence in Egypt's ability to push the frameworks of joint cooperation within the COMESA forward, especially in light of its remarkable success in leading the joint African action during its presidency of the African Union in 2019. They also reviewed several bilateral cooperation issues, especially as regards the security, economic and development ones, in addition to discussing a number of continental files of common interest, as it was agreed to continue consultation and coordination in a way that contributes to meeting the aspirations of the peoples of the continent towards achieving development and prosperity.

 - On February 10, 2019, President of Madagascar Andry Rajoelina congratulated President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi on assuming the presidency of the African Union, stressing the need to change the image of Africa to turn into a prosperous and developed continent.  At the end of his speech, President of Madagascar stressed that "Egypt - Africa" ​​is not limited to discussion, but should be translated into concrete action that can be measured and evaluated, stressing that the future and hope is Africa.

Economic Relations:

Trade Exchange:

According to the data of the Trade Agreements Sector at the Ministry of Industry and Trade, volume of trade exchange between Egypt and Madagascar amounted to US Dollar 9.4 million during the first quarter of 2015, with total imports of US Dollar 2.3 million and exports of US Dollar 7 million, while the trade balance is estimated at US Dollar 4.6 million. This trade exchange is the first  of its kind since 2011;  due to the political tensions and the export obstacles.

Most Prominent Economic Relations between Both Countries:

 - On August 29, 2022, a delegation headed by Vidinavo Ravocatra, Minister of Water and Sanitation of Madagascar, was received by Dr.  Hany Swailem, Minister of Water Resources and Irrigation, in the presence of Praveen Agrawal, the resident representative of the World Food Program in Egypt, and Pasqualina Di Sirio, the resident representative of the World Food Program in Madagascar.  They discussed the means of mutual cooperation in the field of water resources.  The delegation also met with the Minister of Agriculture and Land Reclamation and discussed the means to enhance cooperation between the two brotherly countries.

- On November 20, 2021, Patrick Rajoelina, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Madagascar, visited Egypt, and was received by Lieutenant-General Abdel Moneim Al-Terras, Chairman of the Arab Organization for Industrialization. The two sides discussed ways to support and enhance joint cooperation in the economic and commercial aspects, as well as exchanging experiences and training human cadres.  The discussions witnessed a further interest in enhancing bilateral relations. During the meeting, opportunities of potential investment and trade partnership in several fields had been discussed. In addition to enhancing cooperation mechanisms and benefit from the experiences of the Arab Organization for Industrialization in various fields of industry, including the defence and civil industries, infrastructure, water technologies, medical supplies, new energy, communications, electronics, digital transformation, artificial intelligence, surveillance cameras, environment-friendly cars using natural gas and several other  fields.  For his part, Patrick Rajoelina clarified that the relations between the two countries are fruitful and in continuous progress; praising Egypt’s efforts to support economic relations, industrial and commercial cooperation with the African countries, especially with the COMESA countries. He also noted the importance of strengthening partnership between  Egypt and Madagascar through offering courses and grants that contribute to building human cadres in Madagascar, in light of Egypt’s great experience and keenness to transfer that experience to its brothers in the African countries.

- On June 19, 2019, Egypt Post signed a joint cooperation protocol with Madagascar Post in the field of e-commerce with the aim of providing the opportunity for Madagascar Post customers to shop online from the United States, England and China through the logistics services centre at Cairo International Airport. The protocol was signed with the presence of Bishar Hussein, Director General   of the International Bureau of the Universal Postal Union (UPU), Pascal Clivaz, Deputy Director-General of UPU, Younouss Djibrine, Secretary-General of the Pan African Postal Union, and all leaders of the African postal institutions who are members of the Union.  By virtue of this agreement, Madagascar Post customers will be able to shop online from the United States, England and China, as the items will be collected from the three countries and shipped to the logistics center in Cairo and then to Madagascar; thus reducing the shipping costs and raises the quality  of the service. The  Protocol aims to strengthen cooperation  relations between Egypt Post and Madagascar Post and open new horizons for cooperation between the two countries to take advantage of the capabilities of their Post services in providing high quality e-commerce services at competitive prices; thus gaining the confidence of their citizens and a fair share of the e-commerce market.

- On February 24, 2014, the Egyptian Foreign Minister Nabil Fahmy met with the Ministers of Foreign Affairs and Trade in Madagascar on the sidelines of the COMESA meetings that were held in the Congolese capital Kinshasa. During the meetings, Minister Fahmy stressed Egypt’s keenness to deepen relations with its African brothers in the fields  of economy and trade; emphasizing the importance of the private sector role in Egypt, the African countries in general, and Madagascar in particular, to further the trade rates and to benefit from the existing investment opportunities.

Cultural Relations:

On September 18, 2022, President of the Republic of Madagascar, Andry Rajoelina received, at the presidential palace, Ambassador Osama Said Khalil, the Egyptian ambassador to Madagascar, and His Eminence Theodore II, the Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Alexandria and All Africa. During their meeting, the Patriarch reviewed the history of the cathedral and the Papal Seat in Alexandria, and the activities of the cathedral in African countries that include the establishment of hospitals and schools. In this vein,  four schools had been recently opened during the Patriarch’s visit to southern Madagascar.  His Eminence referred to Egypt's historical role in the patronage of the Papal Seat in Alexandria, as well as that of the President of the Republic in the patronage of the Cathedral. He also noted that a new headquarters for the Cathedral is established in the New Administrative Capital. He praised the role of Egypt's embassies in Africa, expressing his thanks and appreciation to the Egyptian embassy in Madagascar for  facilitating his visit. For his part, the Egyptian ambassador expressed Egypt's appreciation for the role of His Eminence the Patriarch in spreading tolerance between religions and churches in Egypt and Africa.

Humanitarian Aids :

On  March 11, 2022, the Egyptian Agency for Partnership for Development sent the first shipment of aid to Madagascar to face the recent bad weather crisis, especially Hurricane Batsirai. This comes within the framework of the strong relations and Egypt’s solidarity with the brotherly African countries. In this context, Ambassador Osama Said Khalil, Egypt's ambassador to Madagascar, received the shipment upon its arrival, with the participation of a number of Malagasy officials who expressed their appreciation to the leadership and people of Egypt for their feelings of brotherhood and solidarity.

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