01 December 2022 07:37 PM

Ghana

Wednesday، 12 December 2012 12:00 AM

Location

Ghana is located on the northern coast of the Gulf of Guinea, which is in the western tip of Africa. It is bordered to the north by Burkina Faso, to the east by Togo and to the west by Côte d'Ivoire.

Area

238537 km2.

Capital

Accra city.

Official Language

English.

Official Currency

The Ghanaian Cedi (GHC).

There are multiple forms of cooperation between Egypt and Ghana in various fields; foremost of which is supporting the Ghanaian effort in developing the tourism sector through training courses organized and funded by the Egyptian Fund for Technical Cooperation with Africa (EFTCA) under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, currently known as the Egyptian Agency of Partnership for Development (EAPD). They also work to facilitate contacts with Egyptian contracting companies to launch projects and develop infrastructure in Ghana. The Egyptian-Ghanaian relationships are distinguished by their historical depth and mutual respect, in light of the Egyptian support in the political, economic and cultural fields. Egypt provides a lot of assistance and training courses for the Ghanaian cadres, which had the greatest impact on developing the technical capabilities of the Ghanaian cadres in various fields. This has benefited the Ghanaian society in light of its attempts for comprehensive development.

Political Relationships

The Egyptian-Ghanaian relationships are distinguished by their historical depth and mutual respect in light of the Egyptian support in the political, economic and cultural fields. Egypt provides a lot of assistance and training courses for the Ghanaian cadres in the fields of health, security, media and tourism. Thus, this had the greatest impact on developing the technical capabilities of Ghanaian cadres in various fields, and has benefited the Ghanaian society in light of its attempts for comprehensive development.

Salient Milestones of Egyptian-Ghanaian Political Relations

On June 25, 2021, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi received the President of the Republic of Ghana. President El-Sisi stressed the depth of the historical relations that unite the two countries, praising the overall relationships at the political, economic, security and cultural levels.

On January 5, 2021, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi received Ambassador Annan Kato, the special envoy of the President of the Republic of Ghana, in the presence of Abbas Kamel, the Head of the General Intelligence Service (GIS). For his part, Ambassador Annan Kato expressed his honor to meet President El-Sisi, conveying to him the greetings of his brother, the Ghanaian President, stressing the historical and extended relationships between the two fraternal countries and peoples, and appreciating, in this context, the significance of the Egyptian role as a fundamental pillar of stability, security and peace on the African continent. The official spokesman added that President El-Sisi asked to convey his greetings to his Ghanaian brother, President Nana Akufo-Addo, stressing the uniqueness of the historical relationships that unite the two countries, and the special status of Ghana to the Egyptian people. Moreover, he points out Egypt's keenness to strengthen its relationships with Ghana which represents a model for construction and cooperation among African countries for the benefit of the peoples of the continent through optimal utilization of energies and resources in Africa. Furthermore, he expresses confidence in the effective contributions of his Ghanaian brother in light of Ghana's hosting of the Secretariat of the African Continental Free Trade Area Agreement (AfCFTA). The matter which will have a positive impact on supporting Economic cooperation and development of intra-continental trade.

On January 7, 2021, the Egyptian Ambassador to Accra, Mr. Emad Hanna, commissioned by President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, participated in the swearing-in ceremony for the Ghanaian President "Nana Akufo-Addo". Ambassador Emad Hanna conveyed the President's congratulations to his Ghanaian counterpart on his re-appointment as the president for a second term.

On November 19, 2019, Winfred Nii, the Ghanaian Ambassador to Egypt, revealed during his speech at the meeting of the African Affairs Committee in the Parliament that a meeting of the bilateral committee between Egypt and Ghana will be held on all fields starting from 2020, pointing out that Egypt possesses the expertise and competencies that Ghana can benefit from. The ambassador explained Ghana's need for Egyptian expertise in the field of oil and gas extraction and refining, calling for a permanent committee to promote economic and investment cooperation between the two countries.

On June 25, 2019, President Nana Akufo-Addo visited Egypt, where he was received by President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi. The two leaders stressed the depth of the relationships that unite the two countries, and they also discussed ways to support the bilateral relationships.

On June 20, 2019, Shirley Ayorkor Botchwey, the Ghanaian Minister of Foreign Affairs, visited Egypt to attend the opening ceremony of the African Cup of Nations. She was received by Ambassador Hamdi Sanad Loza, Deputy Foreign Minister for African Affairs. During the meeting, aspects of bilateral cooperation between the two countries and the distinguished historical relationships between them were reviewed. This is reflected in the distinguished activity of many of the largest Egyptian companies in Ghana, especially in light of the positive climate that Ghana is witnessing in terms of encouraging investments. The two sides reviewed the overall developments in Africa, most notably the entry into force of AfCFTA, and the security, political and economic challenges facing many countries of the continent. It was also agreed to hold a joint committee between the two countries during the first half of November 2019.

On May 12, 2019, the Ghanaian Speaker of the Parliament Aaron Mike and his accompanying delegation visited Egypt. He was received by Dr. Ali Abdel Aal, the former Egyptian Speaker of the Parliament. The two sides discussed ways to advance relationships between the two brotherly countries in all fields, including the economic integration.

On September 19, 2017, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi met the Ghanaian President Nana Akufo-Addo on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly in New York. President El-Sisi expressed his pleasure at meeting for the first time with the Ghanaian President since his inauguration last January, congratulating him on winning this position and for Ghana’s political stability and succeeding in the democratic transformation. The President also expressed the importance of strengthening the historical relationships between the two countries in all fields, and working to increase trade exchange to the level of political relationships between the two countries, referring to Egyptian investments in many fields in Ghana. The Ghanaian President expressed his country's pride in the historical relationships between Ghana and Egypt, stressing his aspiration to enhance cooperation between the two countries in all fields, in addition to his country's keenness to increase the Egyptian investment. He also expressed his appreciation for Egypt's technical support for Ghanaians in the areas of capacity building, pointing out his country's aspiration to benefit from the Egyptian expertise in the field of security and combating terrorism. The two presidents discussed ways to develop relationships between the two countries, and agreed to hold a joint committee soon to explore possible prospects of cooperation. The two presidents also stressed the importance of strengthening consultation and coordination between the two countries in regional and international forums to serve African issues, foremost of which are issues of peace and security, combating terrorism, and institutional reform of the African Union (AU). President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi invited the Ghanaian President to visit Egypt in the near future to resume consultation and coordination on ways to enhance and develop joint cooperation between the two countries. The invitation was welcomed by the Ghanaian President, who also extended an invitation to President El-Sisi to visit his country.

On May 11, 2017, Sameh Shoukry, Minister of Foreign Affairs, visited Ghana. He was received by the Ghanaian President Nana Akufo-Addo. The visit aimed to strengthen bilateral relationships between the two countries in all fields. Shoukry handed the Ghanaian president a letter from President El-Sisi that emphasized Egypt's pride in the historical relationships between the two countries and ways to develop them in all fields, as well as inviting the Ghanaian president to visit Egypt at the earliest opportunity.

On January 9, 2017, the personal envoy of the Ghanaian President James Victor Gbeho and his accompanying delegation visited Egypt, which was received by President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi. The two sides discussed issues raised at the AU summit in Addis Ababa in January 2017, including the elections for the African Union Commission.

On January 7, 2017, Eng. Ibrahim Mahlab, Assistant to the President for National Projects, visited Ghana to represent Egypt at the inauguration ceremony of the new Ghanaian President, Nana Akufo-Addo. He was received by the Ghanaian President. The two sides discussed regional issues of common interest and ways to enhance cooperation and coordination between the two countries in regional and international forums.

On May 10, 2010, the Egyptian Ambassador, the Assistant Minister for African and AU Affairs, visited Ghana.

On July 15, 2009, the Ghanaian President John Evans Atta Mills visited Egypt to participate in the Non-Aligned Movement Summit in Sharm El-Sheikh.

On June 30, 2008, the former Ghanaian President John Kufuor visited Egypt to participate in the AU Summit in Sharm El-Sheikh.

On July 1, 2007, President Mohamed Hosni Mubarak visited Accra to participate in the ninth ordinary session of the African Union Summit, which coincided with Ghana's celebrations of its national day and the 50th anniversary of its independence.

On May 27, 2007, the Ghanaian President John Kufuor visited Egypt, and was received by the President of the Republic. The discussions tackled several issues, most notably the expansion and deepening of the scope of bilateral relations between Egypt and Ghana in various fields. The two parties exchanged views on issues raised on the African arena, especially developments in the Horn of Africa, Darfur and Somalia, as well as mechanisms for supporting African joint action.

Economic Relationships

The volume of trade between Egypt and Ghana reached U$ 108.3 million in 2018, according to what was announced by the Egyptian Commercial Representation (ECS) in Accra, compared to U$ 74.4 million in 2017, at an increase of 36%.

Egyptian commodity exports to Ghana increased by 65.5% in 2018 to reach U$ 96.5 million, compared to U$ 58.3 million in 2017. Chemical and fertilizer commodity exports represent 27% of the volume of Egyptian exports to Ghana, at a value of U$ 30 million. Among the Egyptian commodities exported to Ghana and witnessed a noticeable increase, are electricity meters, which reached U$ 15.9 million, compared to U$ 6.3 million in 2017. Moreover, Egypt exported to Ghana food additives to enhance aroma or taste, at a value of U$ 11.8 million, compared to U$ 7.2 million in 2017. Egypt also exported to Ghana the clinker used in the cement industry, as well as the calcium carbonate, which reached U$ 3 million in 2018, compared to U$ 2.4 million in 2017, in addition to iron and steel products that amounted to U$ 4.5 million, compared to U$ 1.1 million in 2017.

As for Egyptian imports from Ghana, they raised at a rate of 27.5% in 2018 to reach U$ 15.1 million, compared to U$ 11.8 million in 2017. 99% of Egypt’s imports from Ghana are primary products to serve the Egyptian industry, and they are represented in cocoa and wood.

The Egyptian economic presence in Ghana began about thirty years ago, when the Egyptian businessman Medhat Khalil established the largest company for aluminum stuff in Ghana. Currently, his company is the most significant company in this field in West Africa and enjoys a distinguished reputation. Moreover, Al-Nasr Company for Import and Export has also been working since the fifties in the field of exporting the Ghanaian cocoa and timber to Egypt. In Ghana, there is a factory for electric meters for a private Egyptian company "Electrometer", and another for lighting poles. Furthermore, there are the Egyptian telecommunications companies such as "Alkan" and "Agipro" and the Arab Contractors Company, which is building three ferries for passengers and goods on Lake Volta in Ghana. Moreover, there are El Motahedoon Group, which carries out construction work in the capital, Accra, El Sewedy Cables Company, and Wadi Degla Company. These activities led to an increase in the number of direct flights for EgyptAir to reach four per week.

Salient Milestones of Economic Cooperation

On January 5, 2021, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi received Ambassador Annan Cato, the Special Envoy of the President of the Republic of Ghana, in the presence of Minister Abbas Kamel, head of GIS. The meeting witnessed a number of issues of bilateral cooperation between Egypt and Ghana in the fields of trade and investment, and the exchange of experiences regarding dealing with the repercussions of the Coronavirus pandemic. It also tackled Egypt’s role in supporting Ghana’s efforts in development by transferring its comprehensive development experience. It was agreed to strengthen joint efforts in this regard to ensure the effective functioning of AfCFTA and increase the steps of economic and trade integration among the African countries.

On September 22, 2019, Dr. Abdulaziz Al-Sharif, head of the Export Development Authority (EDA), led an Egyptian trade mission to Ghana to promote Egyptian exports, especially the chemicals and fertilizers sector. He participated in a seminar on trade and investment in Ghana. 15 Egyptian companies participated in the mission, which aimed at revitalizing the Egyptian presence, maximizing the competitiveness of various industries' products in global markets, as well as identifying investment and export opportunities and projects available in Ghana.

On September 19, 2019, Winfred Nii, the Ghanaian Ambassador to Cairo, revealed that a meeting of the bilateral committee between Egypt and Ghana will be held in all fields starting next year, pointing out Egypt's possession of the expertise and competencies that Ghana can benefit from. The ambassador revealed that Ghana is in need of the Egyptian expertise in the field of oil and gas extraction and re-refining, calling for a permanent committee to promote economic and investment cooperation between the two countries.

On July 11, 2016, a high-level delegation from "Egypt Gas" company, headed by Eng. Mohamed Ibrahim, CEO and Managing Director of the company, visited Ghana, during which he made a field visit to the fields and stations of natural gas production and pumping to review the infrastructure of the Ghanaian gas sector on the ground. The delegation held extensive meetings with the president and officials of "Ghana Gas" and Ghana Petroleum Corporation. Initial indicators confirm the existence of promising opportunities for cooperation in light of the long experience of the Egyptian company, and the Ghanaian side's keenness to achieve working partnerships with credible and experienced partners to support its efforts in developing this important sector, which is one of the pillars of the economic renaissance in the country.

On December 8, 2010, the Egyptian-Ghanaian Investment Forum was held and inaugurated by the Vice President of the Republic of Ghana, John Mahama in Cairo, in which the Minister of Trade and Industry announced that there are many investment and commercial opportunities that can be benefited from in Egypt and Ghana. They have signed many bilateral agreements in the fields of tourism, maritime transport, agriculture, health and others.

On February 23, 2010, the Minister of Investment, Mahmoud Mohieldin, visited Ghana to participate in the African Investment Forum (AIF). In Egypt's speech before AIF, the governments of African countries called for supporting economic diversification, investments, and strengthening the regulatory rules governing the financial sector to provide new job opportunities and encourage further growth and development in Africa.

Cultural Relationships

On June 21, 2021, Ambassador Emad Hanna, Ambassador of Egypt to Accra, received a group of Ghanaian youth with scholarships to Al-Azhar Al-Sharif for the academic year 2021/22, within the framework of the Egyptian interest in supporting African youth. He congratulated them for passing the qualification requirements for these scholarships, representing the favorable opportunity to study in prestigious practical and theoretical faculties of the esteemed Al-Azhar University, and to integrate into the Egyptian society, which is full of civilized and cultural components.

In February 2008, Ghana organized a cultural day for the media mission and the Egyptian public at “Brimbay” hall in Kumasi. The ceremony included a display of paintings from Egyptian history.

Sports Relationships

 On May 18, 2022, Mostafa Youssef, the Ghanaian Minister of Youth and Sports, visited Egypt, and was received by Dr. Ashraf Sobhi, the Egyptian Minister of Youth and Sports. They discussed ways to enhance common cooperation between Egypt and Ghana in the field of sports, as well as Egypt’s role in supporting Ghana’s efforts in development through transferring Egypt's comprehensive development experience. The meeting also dealt with the Egyptian International City for the Olympic Games and its distinguished sports structure. The Minister of Youth and Sports stressed that there are historical and extended relationships between both countries and the two fraternal peoples, pointing out the exceptional status of Ghana in the heart of the Egyptian people. Egypt is keen on strengthening its relations with Ghana at all levels as Egypt represents a model for building and cooperating among African countries through optimal utilization of energies and resources in Africa. The Egyptian Minister of Youth and Sports is keen on increasing youth exchange between the two countries in a way that rises to the level of close political relations, and to crystallize fields for maintaining cooperation between the two countries by signing a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between both sides for cooperation in the fields of youth and sports to serve the future of youth and sports in both countries.

Communication Cooperation

 On December 5, 2017, Engineer Yasser El-Kady, the Egyptian Minister of Communications and Information Technology, and Ursula Owusu-Ekuful, the Ghanaian Minister of Communications, signed MoU between the two ministries to support bilateral cooperation in the field of communications and information technology, as well as developing and supporting training opportunities, policy development, research, innovation and entrepreneurship. This would achieve the public interest of both public and private sectors. The duration of MoU is two years. It includes cooperation between the two ministries in planning and establishing technological zones in Ghana, transferring Egyptian expertise to the Ghanaian side in the field of electronic applications and e-government, infrastructure and giant data centers, cybersecurity, innovation and entrepreneurship, documenting Ghana’s cultural and natural heritage.

Parliamentary Cooperation

 On February, 25, 2021, Ambassador Emad Hanna, Egypt's ambassador to Accra, met Dr. Alban Kingsford Bagbin, the Speaker of Ghana's Parliament, and congratulate him on his post as the Speaker of Parliament in its new legislative term. The Ghanaian Parliament Speaker expressed his aspiration to strengthen the bonds of friendship and cooperation between the Ghanaian and the Egyptian Parliaments, praising the ancient parliamentary life in Egypt and the Egyptian pivotal role on the African and global arenas.


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